Pacific College of Oriental Medicine: Medical Cannabis Certificate

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine: Medical Cannabis Certificate

“Growing medical cannabis usage prompts the need for more comprehensive cannabis education.”

Eager to Learn?

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM), a leader in integrative healthcare education, is now offering the first accredited, college-level Medical Cannabis Certificate for Healthcare Professionals, which is based on the guidelines put forth by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) in order to bring academic rigor and accountability to medical cannabis education.

Classes will begin on September 3rd, 2019; registration is now open. The first term is comprised of three courses.

Each course is seven weeks long, and certificate completion can be achieved in as little as six months.

PCOM Accreditations



The medical cannabis course is designed to produce healthcare professionals who can educate and coach patients on:

  • The therapeutic benefits of the medicine
  • The potentially adverse effects of drug interactions
  • Dosing and self-titration approaches
  • The safe and effective use of cannabis while promoting overall health and well-being through the upregulation of the human endocannabinoid system

Course Overview

With the lack of cannabis education available to healthcare professionals, the growing need for this type of training has become increasingly apparent. “The need for this education is vast. There is little information about dosages, and we need to educate people in a balanced way,” PCOM Chief Operating Officer Malcolm Youngren says. “The Pacific College of Oriental Medicine has been at the center of alternative medicine for the last 30 years and is deeply invested in providing this education.”

In recent years, the U.S. has seen a revolution in the widespread acceptance of cannabis usage, with 61 percent of Americans supporting the legalization of it. With this support, eleven states and the District of Columbia have legalized the drug for recreational purposes, and 33 states — plus the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico — have legalized it for medical purposes.

Despite this increased acceptance, there is a lack of cannabis education and research to guide medical professionals on cannabis usage in the healthcare industry. With the enhanced knowledge and skill sets that this education can offer, healthcare professionals will be better equipped to more safely and effectively prescribe cannabis to help with pain management, a primary driver in the opioid epidemic that the U.S. is currently facing. “With cannabis, you have something that may help that is far less addictive,” Youngren says. “Early research is positive that opioid overdose death may fall as cannabis is rolled out on a statewide level.”

The first full term for the certificate is comprised of three total courses (8 credits total). Each course is seven weeks long, and certificate completion can be achieved in as little as six months.

About Pacific College of Oriental Medicine

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine was founded in 1986 in San Diego to offer licensure-qualifying programs in Chinese medicine and massage therapy. The private college established branches in New York City in 1993 and Chicago in 2000. PCOM holds the highest form of accreditation by the Western Association of School and Colleges and is viewed as a leader in Chinese medicine and holistic care, with the largest school of acupuncture and Chinese medicine in the United States.

It has a unique position in the complementary and integrative medicine market. Since its founding, it has expanded its programs to include doctorates in acupuncture and Chinese medicine, a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, a holistic nursing certificate, a Master of Science in Health and Human Performance, and the first college-level medical cannabis certificate in the nation. 

PCOM offers on-site education to 1,500 students and online education to another 1,000. In addition, the college runs the largest complementary medicine conferences in the United States, Pacific Symposium, which draws over 1,000 online and on-site attendees each year.

What Is HPLC?

What Is High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)?

In order to fully understand High-Performance Liquid Chromatography or HPLC for short, it is necessary to have a basic understanding of Liquid Chromatography.

Liquid Chromatography is a technique often performed in a lab, that is used to separate a mixture in order to measure its components, as well as test for potency of a particular substance. How this process works is somewhat complicated, however, it put it simply, the mixture is first dissolved in a fluid. Once the mixture has been dissolved into liquid form, it becomes mobile, hence this is known as the mobile phase. At this point, the liquid is then transferred through a machine that contains another material, which is used to separate the components of the mixture. As the liquid passes through the separating material different compounds begin to move at different rates. This is what’s known as the stationary phase, as the separating material remains stationary while the liquid mixture passes through it. When the different compounds in the mixture travel through at different speeds it causes them to separate. HPLC is based directly on this technique.

HPLC is different from traditional liquid chromatography because high pressure is required. Ordinary liquid chromatography generally uses gravity to pass the mobile phase through a column in order to separate the mixture. The earliest experiments done in this way date back to the 1900’s. The process is time-consuming, and also limited, due to restrictions in the size of particles that can be used for separation using gravity alone.

It was not until the 1960s, when it was predicted by Cal Giddings, Josef Huber, and others, that LC could be operated in a high-efficiency mode by using pressure to increase velocity in the mobile phase. After extensive experimentation with pressure, High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography or HPLC was born. The name has since been changed to High-Performance Liquid Chromatography due to further technological advances, but the acronym remains the same. Comparatively to LC, HPLC is superior in its ability to separate different compounds in mixtures, which makes it a more powerful technique.

HPLC is currently one of the most popular methods used in analytical chemistry to separate, identify, and measure different compounds present in samples. This technique will work on almost anything, so long as it can be dissolved into a liquid.

In the modern world, the technology has advanced to such a degree, that trace amounts of a compound can be detected in a mixture even as low as parts per trillion (or ppt). Today, HPLC can be applied to just about anything, including food, pharmaceutical drugs, nutraceutical supplements, cosmetic products, forensic samples, and industrial chemicals. HPLC is also used in the manufacturing of certain products, for drug testing purposes, and even in scientific and medical research.

HPLC instruments come in many forms, but generally all include a degasser, sampler, pumps, and a detector. The sampler brings the mixture into the mobile phase stream, which carries it into a column where the stationary phase is located. The pumps then deliver the desired pressure necessary to push the mobile phase through the column. The detector is needed to see the separated compounds as they exit from the column. It then generates a signal that is directly proportional to the amount of mixture emerging from the column, which allows the different compounds in the sample to be measured. Often, a computer is used control the HPLC instrument, and for data analysis of the sample. The data that is generated by the detector is then transferred to the computer which creates a reading. This reading is known as a chromatogram. Many HPLC instruments also have an oven that allows for the adjustment in temperature, if necessary, to perform the separation of certain materials. The choice of which components to use in the mobile phase vary. Additives like salts or acids are sometimes used based on the nature of the sample if it helps to break it down. Often a series of trial runs are performed with a sample in order to find the best HPLC method for separating a particular substance. When all is said and done, the mobile phase exits the detector and is either sent to waste management, or collected as desired.

Obviously, this explanation of HPLC is very basic and further research can be done if one is generally interested in learning more about the various aspects of, and techniques involved with chromatography. There are methods that are even more advanced such as Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography or UHPLC, which has a higher throughput rate as well as faster run times than traditional HPLC. Many laboratories now have a combination of both HPLC and UHPLC systems for their liquid chromatography needs.

Finally, if you are interested in having your product or substance tested using HPLC, we offer this service at Cannabidiol Life. Please click here, or contact us at…

The Life Span of CBD (Cannabidiol) in the Human System

The Life Span of CBD (Cannabidiol) in the Human System

The Life Span of CBD (Cannabidiol) in the Human System

The Origin of Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is derived directly from the hemp plant. The hemp plant is a strain of cannabis, the same family of plants as marijuana. The two are often confused because of their similarities however, unlike marijuana, CBD derived from hemp has no psychoactive effects that are capable of impairing someone’s reasoning or judgment. After all, no evidence of public health-related problems has been reported to health institutes regarding the use of CBD products.

Currently, CBD is mainly produced in the United States. Although in some areas, state and local governments haven’t fully legalized it, hemp was made legal at the federal level. The Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States has designated Epidiolex, (a CBD based epilepsy medication) as well as CBD in general, as a Schedule V substance. This means CBD is on the same level as cough syrup in terms of its federal legality. However, not all states are compliant with this, and questions about legality have led to controversy and confusion in the minds of some people. Many are asking questions like, “Is CBD safe? If so, why hasn’t it been completely legalized? How long does cannabidiol stay in the system?” etc. As a result, many scientists are currently carrying out a variety of research studies on CBD, in order to best answer these weighty questions.

There are some things we do know for certain however, CBD can be taken in several different ways. These methods include inhalation of cannabis smoke or vapor, injestion as an aerosol spray into the cheek, or by mouth via food, or in pill form. It can also be processed into and edible CBD oil containing CBD as the main active ingredient. Sometimes these oils may also contain trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), however in most areas for this to be legal it must be less than 0.3 percent.

Unlike the very psychoactive cannabinoid THC, CBD does not affect human behavior. It has no noticeable side effects. However, various studies have shown that CBD may interact with biological targets within the body, specifically the cannabinoid and neurotransmitter receptors respectively.

Medical Uses of CBD: Treatment for Epilepsy

There has been some quality research on the use of CBD to counter epilepsy, especially in children. Although there is not much, the available evidence proves that CBD counters refractory epilepsy in children. The result of using medical-grade CBD in combination with conventional medication results in the elimination of seizures with little or no side effects.

Apart from the use of CBD to treat epilepsy, it can also be used in the treatment of neurological disorders, but not enough research has been carried out to establish this as certifiable medical fact.

CBD for Cancer

CBD exerts anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic results in tumor cell lines. There are several mechanisms by which CBD presents these effects, including the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and concomitant activation of initiator caspase-8 and caspase-9. In order to investigate the selectivity of CBD’s effects in tumoral and non-tumoral cells, several concentrations of CBD were examined on different stabilized non-tumor cell lines, such as human keratinocyte, rat preadipocytes, and mouse monocyte-macrophages. The results showed that CBD inhibited the growth of further cancer cells.

Safety of CBD for expecting mothers

Analysis of CBD’s influences on embryo development is also essential because it raises the question of whether expecting mothers can take CBD, and consequently, whether it affects fetal development. In vitro results showed that CBD did not significantly alter early development at concentrations of 6.4, 32 and 160 NM.

Effect on Food Intake

One prevalent effect of THC is increased appetite, which is mediated by the CB1 receptor in the brain, and induced by the stimulation of dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. CBD has a low bond for the CB1 receptor, and concentrations of 3 to 100 mg/kg body weight administered intraperitoneal resulted in no significant effects on food intake in mice or rats. However, CBD reduced hyperplasia induced by CB1 and 5-HT1A receptor agonists in rats.

Conversely, chronic usage of CBD for up to 14 days lessened body weight gain in rats at dosages of 2.5 and 5 mg/kg bw. This effect was inhibited by co-administration of a CB2 receptor antagonist. This review was carried using reports recovered from the web. The explored keywords were “cannabinoids,” “cannabidiol,” and “side effects.” No time limits were foisted on the search patterns. We included papers in English, Portuguese, and Spanish languages that detailed research in both humans and animals using CBD alone. The directory of eligible papers was checked for additional relevant studies. Studies describing mixed cannabinoids or CBD extracts were excluded. A total of 132 papers were chosen for the review.

Studies in Humans

In human studies, CBD administration did not induce side effects across a wide range of dosages, including acute and chronic dose regimens, and tolerance to CBD did not develop. Acute studies in the 1970s on humans showed that ill effects did not follow oral CBD consumption from 15 to 160mg, inhalation of 0.15mg/kg bw, or intravenous injection from five to 30mg.

CBD does not interfere with various psychomotor and psychological functions in humans. CBD does not affect heart rate, blood pressure, or performance in the verbal paired-associate learning test as measured at doses of up to 600mg. Subsequent studies concerning the anti-psychotic effects of CBD have not reported any side effects after CBD intake.

Studies also show that chronic oral administration of 10mg CBD daily for 21 days did not induce any changes in neurological, psychiatric, blood or urine examinations.

Likewise, oral CBD administration in healthy participants (3mg/kg bw daily for 30 days) and in epileptic patients (200-300mg daily for 135 days) was well tolerated and no signs of toxicity or serious side effects were detected on neurological and physical examinations, blood and urine analysis, or EKG and EEG, which were performed at weekly intervals.

CBD was evaluated for symptomatic efficacy and safety in 15 neuroleptic-free patients with Huntington’s Disease. Effects after oral CBD (10mg/kg bw /day for six weeks) or placebo (sesame oil for six weeks) intake were evaluated weekly under a double-blind, randomized crossover design.

CBD showed no significant or clinical differences compared to placebo in the Cannabis side effect inventory, clinical lab tests, or other safety outcome variables. Also, weekly plasma levels of CBD (mean range 5.9 to 11.2 ng/ml), assayed by GC/MS, did not differ significantly over the six weeks of CBD administration.

A previous case report of a teenager diagnosed with schizophrenia who experienced severe side effects after treatment with conventional anti-psychotics demonstrated significant improvement of symptoms with no adverse effects after hospitalization and four weeks of treatment with increasing doses of CBD up to 1,500mg/day.

More recently, CBD monotherapy was administered to three patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (initial oral dose of 40 mg, increased to 1,280mg/day) for up to 4 weeks with no side effects reported, even at the highest dose. A similar result was observed in two patients with the bipolar affective disorder who received CBD (600-1,200mg/day).

Effect of Cannabidiol in the Human Immune System

The majority of the available literature shows inhibitory capacities of cannabinoids, including CBD, on cells of the human immune system. CBD strongly inhibited interleukin (IL)-10 production in a virus-negative T-cell line, and increased IL-8, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 (MIP-1) and MIP-1 production in an eosinophilic leukemia cell line, and inhibited IL-8 production by B-cells.

Since CBD decreased the production of IL-8 and CC chemokines (MIP-1 and MIP-1) by B-cells, a patient’s risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus – 1 (HIV-1) or other infectious organisms may increase, along with a risk of disease progression. Previous reports suggested that IL-10 inhibits HIV-1 expression by infected macrophages.

Therefore, the strong inhibition of IL- 10 productions by CBD could be another mechanism by which this cannabinoid can up-regulate HIV-1 production.

In summary, although these effects are of possible advantage in some conditions, they may worsen disease progression, HIV infection, tumor genesis, and metastases, and worsen allergic inflammation in the lungs. However, some results suggested that CBD could yield a biphasic response in the immune system with stimulatory ability at lower doses (Nanomolar concentrations) and inhibitory activity at higher doses (micromolar levels).

Accordingly, enhancement of mitogen-induced indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity and secretion of interferon (IFN) by CBD (10-100ng/ml) and suppression of these activities at higher doses (1-10μg/ml) were observed in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

In in vivo evaluations of CBD in humans, significant correlations were found between IFN blood levels, neutering, and the kynurenine-to-tryptophan ratio in various diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus, (HIV).

Who Discovered CBD?

In the year 1940, at the University of Illinois, a group of scientists led by Dr. Roger Adams discovered CBD for the first time. However, the structure was not fully explained until 1963 by Frederick Sanger. Unlike the THC (Tetrahydro-cannabidiol), CBD does not affect the human brain negatively; it is, therefore, non-psychoactive. The cannabis plant has diverse medicinal functions for treating chronic and non-chronic ailments. This allows us to profit from the many health properties of the cannabis plant without the negative side effects.

CBD is popularly known for its medicinal functions ranging from its positive effect on chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, PTSD, epilepsy, and other mental disorders. Before the involvement of medical researchers, many were skeptical to believe that the cannabis plant could treat such chronic ailments. As medical researchers learned more, they were able to provide answers to the questions on the minds of any people, and prove conclusively that CBD works in the therapeutic aid and treatment of certain ailments.

How Does CBD Work?

CBD is anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiolytic. These properties allow it to prevent stress, anxiety, and also help to relieve pain. The effects of these properties aren’t enough to allow CBD to benefit so many conditions alone however. The interaction of the Cannabinoids found in CBD with the receptors is the leading property that produces positive effects throughout the body. These allow CBD to treat many conditions leading to a stable health condition in humans and animals alike.

How Long Does CBD Stay in the System?

This has remained a mystery to people due to the contradictory research results of various medical researchers in the past. The elaborate research and study of CBD oil use and the sophistication of cannabinoid drug tests in the world today have created confusion in the minds of people, especially the media. They need a piece of tangible, reliable information they can share with the masses. It has been reported continuously that some individuals tested positive for THC metabolites, an unacceptable presence on many drug tests. Supposedly, this was after taking non-psychoactive drugs. How is that even possible? Can that actually happen without really taking THC?

The truth is some CBD oils contain trace amounts of THC because CBD is also a derivative of THC. It is, therefore, possible for CBD to be 100% free from THC and its metabolites, however this depends on how pure the product is. There is a distinction between full-spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate. The CBD isolate is the purified form.

It is therefore important to know how long CBD stays in the system before going for a THC test. The knowledge of this study serves as an advantage in our day to day lives, especially in our places of work. Most companies or institutes conduct various tests before employment. It is therefore important to know how long CBD stays in the body since it may contain trace amounts of THC.

For instance, you have a marijuana test coming up, it is important you know just how long CBD stays in your system in preparation for the test. If you’ve been taking a hundred percent CBD oil, then it’s essential you know how long you have to wait before going for the test. This leads to the actual question of how long do you have to wait before going for a THC test?

In Preparation for a THC Test: How Long Does CBD Stay in the System?

The main objective of this study is to determine how long CBD containing THC stays in the system and treat the situation as if a person had been using actual marijuana. According to the information from a 2014 publication in the scientific journal of Epilepsy Currents. It was discovered that the half-life of CBD is, after a single dose, 24 to 48 hours, or approximately one to two days.

The University of Nottingham School of Health sciences proposed that the half-life of a drug is the period required for the concentration of a drug in the body to be reduced by one-half.

It is estimated by most accounts from various studies that drugs reach their steady state after four to five half-lives. This concept makes it easy for us in terms of calculating how long the drug will take before it becomes undetectable. Without this, the calculation could get very complex when certain variables are taken into consideration, variables like the frequency at which the drugs were taken, age, weight, metabolism, etc.

Another study probed into CBD half-life in terms of how long it remains active in humans. It found the half-life to be between 18 and 33 hours for IV administration, 27 and 35 hours for smoking, and two to five days for oral administration.

With the statistics above, it seems the length of time CBD stays in the body’s system leans more towards the former rather than the latter (in other words, more towards the 4-day mark than the 25-day mark).

After the 6-week period was over, blood plasma CBD levels averaged at just 1.5 ng/ml among the 14 test subjects in the week immediately following the administration of the compound. After this first week, the CBD levels were “implicitly undetectable.”

As such, the study concluded the “elimination half-life” for CBD to be between 2 and five days, with no apparent difference between genders. Apart from the fact that CBD contains a trace amount of THC, various studies have also proven that CBD can be broken down into THC in the stomach.

All in all, if you have a drug test in few days, and you’re bothered because you have taken CBD, this study will give you the knowledge to know what to do about it.

How Does CBD Make You Feel?

How Does CBD Make You Feel?

How Does CBD Make You Feel?

          CBD has been a mainstream topic for some time now. You might have noticed a plethora of discussions about CBD on the internet as of late. You may even have questions running through your own mind concerning CBD. Are you among those who want a natural alternative to treat an ongoing health condition or frustration? CBD or CBD oil has likely come to your attention, but what exactly is CBD, and how does it make a person feel?

First and foremost, the effects of CBD are said to be non-psychoactive. That is, CBD does not contain psychoactive qualities like some cannabinoids do, (particularly THC from marijuana). CBD is a new food supplement that is still undergoing research. While the initial results are promising, there are a lot of doubts, misinformation, misconceptions, and sheer confusions surrounding it. Recently, CBD has become an accepted means of relaxation, and the substance’s popularity is rising rapidly.

As the use of CBD is still very new, there are still significant gaps in what we know about the effects. While we can conclude that CBD is safe and legal, its exact benefits are still being debated, as well as researched.

For many decades cannabis plants have been stigmatized and painted with the red eyes of man. Therefore, it’s pertinent that we explain to our readers the truth about what CBD really is, in the simplest terms possible.

What is CBD?

CBD is a compound found in hemp, hops, and marijuana. It is non-psychoactive, which means it won’t cause intoxication when ingested. It has antioxidant, anti-anxiety, and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies are showing that it’s also anti-tumor, anti-tremor (for cases of epilepsy), and anti-psychotic. It seems unimaginable that one compound could possess so many healing qualities, but for many years CBD has been ignored because of cannabis’ association with recreational marijuana use.

These plants produce over 400 compounds, over sixty of which are unique to the plant and can be isolated for medicinal purposes. CBD is a cannabinoid which is found in the seeds, stalks, and flowers of the cannabis plant. It occurs naturally, and can be extracted independent of other cannabinoids, in oil form.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, which was discovered in 1940. It is one of some 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants and accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. There are multifarious plants that fall into the cannabis family, or that can be classified as “cannabis sativa,” which means there are different sources and strains of CBD. Still, the top two are primarily hemp and marijuana. CBD can emerge from either marijuana flower or hemp leaves, depending on the source. CBD can be harvested from either plant with similar health benefits as well. However, where the oil comes from does determine whether it will be legal in a given state. There have been a plethora of debates and arguments that the CBD from marijuana is more active and powerful, perhaps due to the interaction between THC and CBD. Nevertheless, CBD derived from hemp leaves demonstrates proven medical benefits as well.

The Formation of CBD

We can’t discuss the formation of CBD without explaining cannabis. There are several different strains of cannabis, some are intoxicating and contain large amounts of the substance THC that is responsible for causing marijuana users to get “high” when consumed.

Although CBD doesn’t get you “high”, like THC, there are still many stigmas about it. Unfortunately, many people tend to mistake CBD for THC. This misconception can be ascribed to lack of information and fear.

As was stated previously, CBD can either be extracted from hemp or marijuana. However, regardless of its source, CBD will remain the same. CBD is a chemical compound with specific characteristics, thus the compound itself will be the same regardless of which strain of cannabis it is extracted from.

It’s important to note that pure CBD and CBD oil are not the same thing. CBD oil is a mixture of various natural substances derived from cannabis. Hemp oil is produced by extracting the fatty acids from the stalks of the cannabis plant. Within these fatty acids, fat-soluble substances are found, and since cannabinoids are fat-soluble, they come out of the plant, dissolved in the oil.

How CBD Makes One Feel

There are several different kinds of cannabinoids, but even within phytocannabinoids, there are still a wide range of compounds and effects we are still trying to fully understand. Some of the cannabinoids share a strong interaction with one or both CB receptors in the brain. These receptors are known to cause various influences, from regulating mood and helping us concentrate, to causing euphoric effects like feeling “high” (from THC for instance). Other cannabinoids, like CBD, have fewer direct effects on the endocannabinoid system.

You Will Sleep Better

When you take a full dropper of CBD oil (around 30 mg of CBD) before bed, within roughly fifteen minutes you will feel a comforting, warm sense of calm wash over you, cascading down your body and running down your spine. To achieve this effect, many vendors recommend holding it under your tongue for thirty seconds, as this is the fastest way for your body to absorb the ingredients. Over the next half hour or so, you will become increasingly tired and proceed to fall fast asleep. Users also stated that they woke up feeling rested in a way that some other sleep supplements don’t allow.

Many CBD users reported a deeper feeling of calm compared to when they just took melatonin (which FWIW, a small study has shown). So, chances are you will love it as a regular part of your night-time routine.

CBD Increases the Ability to Focus

Studies have shown that people who took CBD moderately tended to have a better ability to focus when compared to those who did not. Many people report that they use it to focus better while at work. That’s likely due to CBD oil’s proven effects at relieving anxiety. When users aren’t as stressed, the result is a clear mind that’s better able to focus and cross things off the to-do list.

Speaking from my own personal experience, before trying CBD I often felt excessively anxious, especially when I had a lot going on at once. External stress often caused me to become restless, the result of which was decreased productivity.

However, after taking CBD regularly, it has allowed me to think more rationally about what’s on my plate, rather than worrying excessively about it. I can attest to the fact that taking CBD can help with people who suffer from anxiety and stress disorders.

It Reduces Sore Muscles

Studies show that taking CBD has anti-inflammatory benefits. Muscle pain is a type of inflammation that tends to affect many people across the world. This soreness might be related to occupation or lifestyle. Studies show people who tend to do physical work daily have a greater chance of being subject to muscle pain. CBD could be a great help to those that tend to be affected by sore muscles.

Readers should be aware that CBD can be taken in a variety of ways, because cannabidiol can be absorbed into the body in multiple ways. CBD can be taken traditionally by mouth, in edible or pill form. Other methods include inhalation of cannabis as smoke or vapor, or it can be absorbed through the cheek via an aerosol spray. Typically, the differences of these methods do not amount to a better result, ps potency is generally linked to the quality of the CBD a person is taking as opposed to the method in which they take it.

CBD also comes in a variety of forms. It may be provided as CBD oil, containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no included tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] or terpenes), as a full plant CBD-dominant hemp extract oil, in capsule form, as dried cannabis, or as a liquid prescription solution. CBD can also help the body repair itself in recovery mode. CBD is proven to help fight newly formed inflammation from strenuous exercise, and helps to allow a person to do it again the next day by alleviating stiffness and soreness in muscles.

After taking CBD regularly for two weeks, you may start to notice a difference in your overall health, wellness and beauty as CBD’s superstar power begins to take effect. Its calming and soothing properties are so effective, your sleep is almost guaranteed to improve as a result which in turn helps the body in numerous other ways.

CBD Reduces Pain Levels

Current studies show that almost half of the senior citizen population in the United States suffers from some form of arthritis, and 75 to 85 percent suffer from some form of chronic pain. Unfortunately, these problems are all too common for seniors living in the United States, but it doesn’t have to be this way.

Studies also show that CBD can reduce inflammation and kill pain from conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis, and multiple sclerosis (MS). CBD activates receptors in the endocannabinoid system in the body, which has led some experts to believe that patients treated with CBD experience a “clinically significant reduction” in pain-related symptoms with little to no adverse side effects. Of course, results will vary from person to person based on factors like genetics, and the severity and nature of the pain. However, CBD is a natural alternative to traditional pain medications, and creates a compelling case for use by health care professionals and senior caregivers.

CBD Can Help Maintain a Healthy Heart & Circulatory System

Research from recent studies show that CBD may be an effective and natural treatment for high blood pressure. Studies carried out in 2017 treated ten men with one 600 mg dose of CBD and found that it reduced the resting blood pressure of the subjects.

In that same study, researchers also administered stress tests to determine the effects CBD had on the subject’s stress response. They found that the subjects exhibited a lower blood pressure increase than usual. In addition to reducing high blood pressure, some studies found that the antioxidant properties of CBD may help reduce cardiac inflammation and can deter cell death caused by oxidative stress. It might come as a surprise that CBD can be good for heart health, but the authenticity of these studies makes a compelling argument for this fact.

The researchers in charge of the survey believed that the results strongly suggest that CBD may have significant therapeutic potential in the treatment of diabetic complications, and perhaps even as a treatment for other cardiovascular disorders. By attenuating oxidative stress, inflammation, cell death, and fibrosis, as well as by reducing blood pressure, CBD can greatly improve the heart’s overall well-being and serve as a great preventive measure against serious and chronic health conditions.

CBD Can Alleviate Mood-Related Disorder

Emotional responses like mood swings can be attributed to the decline of health, disabilities, or the loss of a loved one. When these issues are prolonged or left unattended to, they can even lead to physical health problems. Often times, especially if an individual is prone to mental illness, their health can suffer due to negative behavior as a result of feeling disconnected, neglected, isolated, or lonely.

Many studies have shown CBD can remedy this condition: CBD can reduce stress, calm the mind, and improve cognitive functionality. These three things combined can significantly contribute to how a person’s mind perceives things. It can also have a noticeable impact on mood and behavior.

CBD Can Fight Addiction

Studies show that CBD not only helps to alleviate numerous health conditions, but it can also help to combat dependency developed from using medications or other drugs.

A 2018 study revealed CBD could help combat addiction by preventing relapses. The study found that administering CBD once a day for seven days in addictive patients caused them to not relapse for five months.

Recent surveys show that the rate of consumers using CBD is growing. As a result of its popularity in recent years, CBD has created a plethora of questions for those intending to try it for the first time. That said, if you’re nervous about trying CBD, that’s normal given the circumstances surrounding cannabis. However, one should consider that this seemingly miraculous, all natural supplement has been kept from us for about a century. We’ve been told that it’s bad for the body, but modern times show us that we cannot simply believe everything we are told. We do believe however, if you decide to try CBD, you’re going to see for yourself just how amazing this product can be.

Are There Any Side Effects?

Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well. Though CBD is generally well tolerated and considered safe, it may cause adverse reactions in some people. The most common side effect was fatigue. Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system, the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages.

Potential Interactions With Other Medications

Before you start using CBD oil, discuss it with your doctor to ensure your safety and avoid potentially harmful interactions. Some studies on CBD have raised concerns about possible interactions with other drugs. CBD is known to interact with several medications.

For example, epilepsy studies found that there were increases in the blood levels of some other anti-epileptic drugs when people were on CBD. This could mean that people taking anti-epilepsy drugs alongside CBD will need to adjust their dosage downward to avoid side effects. People interested in CBD should seek out a doctor who has read up on the extract and its potential uses.

If you would like to learn more about how CBD works, click here.

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How to Make a CBD Tincture from Home

How to Make a CBD Tincture from Home

How to Make a CBD Tincture from Home

          A CBD tincture is a dietary supplement that comes in liquid form and contains a powerful cannabidiol substance. Tinctures are made by soaking CBD-rich hemp blooms in high-proof grain liquor, then cooking them over minimal heat for several hours. Vinegar or glycerine can be utilized instead of alcohol, but liquor truly does produce a superior quality tincture.

It is a time-consuming process, but straightforward. Once the fluid is prepared, it’s commonly blended with a sweet tasting carrier oil like orange or peppermint. The reason for this being hemp on its own, it can be exceptionally pungent. The ultimate result ought to be reliable, with a high CBD proportion and no more than 0.3% THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol).

When shopping, make sure you are getting a true CBD tincture. There is a massive difference between a CBD tincture and a cannabis tincture, which has all the cannabinoids content, including THC. A CBD tincture will not be psychoactive, meaning it won’t get you intoxicated.

CBD oil tinctures have zero psychoactive effects, but are still a mind-blowing modern alternative to addictive prescription medications. CBD has little to no side effects, with only a small percentage of users claiming to have less energy. Prescription drugs, on the other hand, often have a laundry list of side effects, some of which can be life threatening.

CBD products offer hundreds of thousands of Americans effective relief from several ailments without negative side effects. This makes their use ideal for children, seniors, or anybody who needs the therapeutic benefits of cannabis without the related high.

Since tinctures are concentrated, it’s generally advised to take them in minimal doses. Most come with a handy, built-in, mL dropper. Taking too much won’t cause an overdose, in fact no overdoses have ever been reported, but tremendous doses are often unnecessary for most therapeutic CBD users.

Many patients can’t get past the intensity of the flavor, so they often blend it with food or refreshments. It is included in many common soups, salads, coffees, and teas. Some take it underneath their tongue. Scientific research proposes that substances taken sublingually are absorbed more quickly by the body compared to other oral methods.

When dosing with a CBD tincture, ensure that you hold the tincture beneath your tongue for a moment to permit it to absorb into your body before attempting to swallow the rest. The membrane beneath your tongue allows for absorption by your sublingual artery. From there, it will travel throughout the rest of the endocannabinoid system. This is a great, smoke free way, to enjoy the benefits of CBD.

Types of CBD

As the CBD oil showcase proceeds to develop, new items are increasingly being sold online or in your local health food stores. You’ll be able to discover numerous sorts of CBD products, all of which used distinctively. Of course, it’s very important consult your healthcare professional prior to using CBD, and read and follow all label directions.

The most common forms of CBD accessible include the following:

Tinctures: Tinctures are a popular way to utilize CBD, since you’ll likely be able to better gauge precisely how much cannabidiol you’re ingesting or need to find relief. With a tincture, you utilize a dropper and put the drops beneath your tongue. Now and then, manufacturers will use carrier oils, natural flavours, or fatty oils in their tinctures.

Oils: CBD oils are one of the most natural forms of cannabidiol. CBD oil is extracted directly from the flowers, stalks, and seeds of the hemp plant. The foremost viable CBD oils are full range, which suggests that they incorporate all compounds found naturally within the plant. This includes all the cannabinoids (with trace sums of THC), terpenes and organic oils. You’ll discover CBD oils in a bottle with a dropper. This permits you to ingest the oil by putting it beneath your tongue, letting it sit for almost 15 seconds and swallowing it after.

Edibles: CBD edibles include chocolates, coffees, baked products, gums, and candies containing the compound. People generally love these items regardless of their CBD content, so it should come as no surprise that they are becoming popular. Even though this may be a fulfilling way to utilize CBD oil, it can be more difficult to measure precisely how much CBD you’re ingesting, and thus outcomes may be inconsistent.

Concentrates: Like tinctures, CBD concentrates are ingested by putting drops beneath your tongue. However, concentrates generally contain much more concentrated forms of CBD. The high potency isn’t usually necessary for beginners who ought to start with smaller amounts first, to gauge how they will react.

Powders: CBD powders are another way to utilize cannabidiol. The powder can be included in water, juice, tea, or a smoothie. The most outstanding quality CBD powders will not incorporate fillers, but only natural plant compounds.

Topical solutions: Topical CBD items incorporate moisturisers, salves, and lip balms. They are intended to benefit the skin, joints, and muscles. They work when they are absorbed into the skin and pass through the dermal layers. CBD patches are generally more effective for the topical conveyance of the compound.

Capsules: Like several other sorts of medication, CBD capsules or pills can be taken with water. Therefore, they can be a faster and more convenient way to utilize CBD. They do limit the dose a person can take to specific amounts, but ordinarily, capsules will contain 10–25 milligrams of CBD.

Sprays: Sprays are another option for utilizing CBD. The CBD concentration is usually lower in sprays. Examine the name for the correct dose, but often, you spray the solution into your mouth 2–3 times.

Vape Oil: CBD vape oil is designed for people who want to inhale CBD in vapor form. It employs the use of an e-cigarette, also called a vape pen, which heats the CBD to high temperatures converting it into vapor. There are also CBD waxes that are utilized by touching the cannabis compound to a high heat source. However, this method isn’t suggested for beginners, as it’s usually a higher concentration of CBD, and requires some hardware.

How to Make CBD Tincture:


  • 1/8 ounces of a high portion CBD strain

  • 2 ounces of strong alcohol preferably Everclear, Rum or Vodka

  • Two jars

  • 1-2 filters

  • Syringe/Eye dropper


The CBD tincture has various recipes, but the first recipe we are providing is called the Traditional Green Dragon Tincture Recipe

  • To convert the dormant THC-A and CBD-A to the active THC and CBD, you must decarboxylate the plant material. To do this, you must put your crude cannabis in a secured casserole dish and heat it at 245˚F for 90 minutes. The plant material will obscure and effortlessly crumble.

  • Place the crumbled (but not powdered) decarbed cannabis into one of your containers with the liquor and leave it for three hours.

  • When three hours are over, shake the fluid for 1-3 minutes, and after that, use the filter to drain the liquid into the clean jar. Wash out the first jar, and then drain the fluid all over again.

  • Store the tincture inside the jar, and put it in a cool, dim place for a week before making use of it. Ensure your jar is burped once a day amid the sitting week to let out the dissipated alcohol. To consume the tincture, make use of an eyedropper or syringe and administer a little amount of the fluid at a time.

The second recipe is known as The Modern Green Dragon Tincture Recipe

  • As the name implies, it’s a new recipe that has discovered to be based on developments in online recipes.

  • Decarboxylate the extract and if you’re making use of the flower, make its ground into an excellent consistency

  • Put your extract or flower into a jar and add the liquor/alcohol and mix

  • Shake vigorously for 3-4 minutes

  • Strain the content and store in a cool place.

The Third recipe is the Master Wu’s Green Dragon Tincture Recipe which was a guide published on in 2006

  • Decarboxylate the extract, and if you’re making use of the flower, make sure its ground into an excellent consistency.

  • Put your extract or flower into a jar and add the liquor/alcohol and mix

  • This method uses heat in order to speed up the concentration and extraction process. Hence, simmer the jar in a water bath at 170 degrees F

  • Strain the content and store


Any vegetable oil can be utilized as a base, but coconut oil has the most elevated amounts of fatty acid. This acid binds with the cannabinoids the best. It is additionally used in cooking, and can be put away as a hash solid for other uses like moisturisers, or to include in capsules for simple consumption.


  • Double evaporator or a large pot and a smaller pot will suffice

  • Cheesecloth

  • Jar or holder for storage


  • A cup of coconut oil

  • A cup of cannabis


  • Grind the bud, stems, or trim into small lots.

  • Add both cannabis and coconut oil to the two-fold boiler.

  • Heat for 6-8 hours blending once in a while and including small water in case required. (This will be the decarboxylation process).

  • Drain and strain your oil with the use of a cheesecloth after cooling.

  • Put it in a jar.

  • The tincture is expected to last for two months or longer from when it’s refrigerated.


In case you do not want to use alcohol, a CBD tincture using glycerine will work. Glycerin is a chemical that’s secure to consume and is utilized to assimilate and lock in the fluid. It contains a sweet flavor, so it is perfect for cannabis syrup as well.

This makes it an incredible component for extricating CBD cannabinoids from a cannabis plant. This sort of tincture can treat a few illnesses like seizures, uneasiness, and extreme pain.


  • 1-quart mason jar

  • Cheesecloth

  • Grinder or food processor

  • Brown or dull glass eye dropper


  • 1 ounce of CBD cannabis

  • 8-ounce bottle of glycerin


  • Grind the CBD bud to a powder by making use of a processor or grinder.

  • Place the weed and sufficient glycerin to nearly the top of the mason container.

  • Put the jar close to a light source (natural).

  • Let it sit for 4-5 weeks, shaking it once a day to discharge the cannabinoids.

  • Strain the blend by making use of a cheesecloth.

  • Pour the tincture in an eye dropper.

  • Keep it refrigerated for best results.


CBD has anti-anxiety properties. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) actuates intense feelings of fear, uneasiness, self-doubt, and mortification in reaction to ordinary day by day exercises such as replying on the phone or talking to a stranger. SAD affects roughly 15 million—6.8%—Americans who often deal with the symptoms of the mental condition for a long time, before looking for proficient treatment.

The research found that CBD helped diminish symptoms in patients with Social anxiety disorder. Whereas THC paves the way for psychoactive effects in consumers. CBD works to relieve those effects and calm consumers.

CBD consumption before public speaking diminished anxiety and negative self-evaluation in social anxiety disorder patients. This illustrates its use as a practical therapeutic alternative to pharmaceutical drugs. Pharmaceuticals were reported to have led to only 30% of SAD patients making a full recovery, but also included a host of side effects.

CBD also decreases nausea which mainly results from chemotherapy. Nausea and vomiting are one of the many adverse reactions to chemo. There is proof that both THC and CBD interactions with the endocannabinoid system can control that severely uncomfortable, and in some cases weakening, side effect. CBD actuates somatodendritic 5-HT receptors within the dorsal raphe core, receptors known for their antiemetic (anti-nausea) effects.

In addition to these benefits, research on CBD emphatically recommends that it’s consumption helps to diminish sleeping disorders, epilepsy, certain irritations, prion amassing, and also the progression of diabetes.

It also stifles the enlargement of cancerous cells in the breast. ID-1 gene, a protein which is actuated during embryonic improvement but closed off a while later, plays a significant part in developing malignant cancerous cells in the breast.

A study in 2007 showed that CBD could decrease ID-1 expression, stifling forceful tumor development. This research represents the plausibility of moving away from harmful and excruciating chemotherapy toward the non-toxic treatment CBD offers.

CBD tinctures can be utilized to supplement anything that would be supplemented with standard CBD oil. Since the tincture is concentrated, it’ll have the same impacts, but you’ll only need to use a little dosage.

Tinctures, and CBD, in common, can be utilized to supplement a solid way of life, as well as bolster the management of different conditions — although you always need to consult a therapeutic professional. CBD is being explored as a solid anti-inflammatory and sterile compound.

Tinctures can have a few major viable focal points as well. For example, tinctures are simple to consume discreetly throughout the day, since they require no prep work and don’t have to be smoked or vaporized. The dropper bottles themselves are tiny and simple to conceal. It’s high concentration provides additional comfort. Since only little amounts are required, it’s simple to alter your day by day dosage with precision.

In a nutshell, CBD, or cannabidiol, is the second most inexhaustible component of the cannabis plant species. CBD interacts with receptors within the endocannabinoid system to benefit multiple systems of the body, including the central nervous system.

Home-made tinctures are proven to be more hygienic and organic to avoid ingesting pesticides and other harmful chemicals that can lead to unwanted side effects. Certain parts of plants can be detrimental and destructive to people when used topically or ingested. An individual ought to completely understand which parts of a plant are safe before attempting to make their own tinctures.

Copaiba vs CBD: Know The Difference

Copaiba vs CBD: Know The Difference

The Difference Between Copaiba and CBD

           You may have heard of debates concerning CBD and copaiba, usually based on which one is the better of the two. Copaiba is very popular among aromatherapy enthusiasts. Some people say that CBD is more potent and active than copaiba, while others believe the opposite.

In this article, I will be sharing with you the analysis of each product and how they work. It’s no longer news that the CBD and copaiba have been getting a lot of attention in recent years.

These two oils contain the same anti-inflammatory properties, which is why they are often lumped in with one another. However, it is assumed at the onset: copaiba is not a CBD oil replacement, even if it is marketed as such.

It has some beneficial properties, but in most articles, it’s not yet clear how those compare to the benefits of CBD oil.

CBD and Copaiba: The Origin

It’s pertinent that we note that CBD is derived from either hemp or marijuana. You might have read somewhere that the CBD from marijuana is more active than CBD from hemp, but that isn’t necessarily true. On the chemical level, CBD is CBD, it has the same chemical structure whether it comes from one source or another. The main difference is the THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, content from marijuana. Sometimes for legal reasons or otherwise, a person may want the hemp version, which is full spectrum and non-psychoactive in nature. This won’t make the consumer feel ‘high’ because it contains less than 0.3 percent of THC.

There is also another type of CBD product that only contains only pure CBD. It’s called CBD isolate. Copaiba oil, is mainly extracted from the thick dark brown resin that slowly passes through the cracks of the copaifera tree.

The hype and popularity of this oil came about in recent times. Therefore, researchers have thus far only been able to conduct a few studies on it. The few studies that there are show that copaiba oil is said to contain antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities just like CBD does.

What is Beta-Caryophyllene (BCP)?

BCP oils are known for their strong smell. They also contain terpenes, that are responsible for the fragrances often found in essential oils. Even though copaiba oil is rich in some terpenes, copaiba oil only has a faint smell.

People who claim that copaiba is better than CBD oil only focus on Beta-caryophyllene (BCP), which is actually a part of both CBD oil and copaiba oil. Beta-caryophyllene is a terpene. Terpenes are aromatic organic compounds, in other words, they smell. BCP exists in clove, rosemary, melissa, and other essential oils. It is of interest to note that clove oil is often touted to help dental issues, and is often used by many mainstream dental practitioners to help with dental discomfort, including sore gums.

CBD and Copaiba: Risk

CBD and copaiba are both relatively mild. However, there are some minor side effects that are generally experienced only by a small number of users. These include nausea and exhaustion. Still, it’s important to talk to your doctor if you plan to begin a CBD regiment. Be cautious when taking CBD with another prescription medicine. CBD can hamper or halt CYP enzymes in the liver. Grapefruit also hampers these same enzymes.

Just be sure to consult your doctor or physician before using any CBD products. They still serve as a great therapeutic aid for arthritis, inflammation, mood disorders, and pain relief; CBD is also said to be effective against the growth of cancer cells.

CBD Oil and Copaiba: Therapeutic Molecules

While CBD contains dozens of therapeutic molecules, copaiba oil only has one, which is beta-caryophyllene. CBD also shares this same terpene. To understand the distinction between these two products, it’s of great necessity that we know the function of phytocannabinoids and terpenes.

According to a study that intended to understand the properties of cannabis done in the early nineties. Our bodies naturally produce cannabinoids that bind to different receptors in the body. The receptors work to balance our body’s internal conditions. So, when your mind and body feel disconnected, these receptors and cannabinoids can help correct that feeling.

Our health declines if these receptors aren’t being activated.

CBD and Copaiba: Which is Cheaper?

If we compare the prices of these two products, copaiba seems cheaper than CBD in general, but cheaper doesn’t necessarily mean better. If a product doesn’t work, or requires a large amount to have any effect, it could end up being more expensive in the long run. So far, we haven’t seen many benefits from using copaiba oil, but this is at least partly due to a lack of proper research conducted on this product. On the other hand, many people report the benefit from very a small amount of CBD oil.


Copaiba is not as Safe as CBD

There is always some amount of risk associated with using any form of new medicine, be it natural or otherwise. However, the side effects of CBD are so mild, or absent altogether that it’s generally regarded as safe to use.

There is no specific maximum dosage for CBD oil. Some people use way more than 1,000 mg of CBD oil per day. Copaiba, on the other hand, is a unique essential oil. While it is safe to ingest copaiba in low doses, typically ingesting essential oils is ill-advised. Unfortunately, it also has a robust taste, and it’s only recommended for consumption via capsules no more than three times a day.

However, ingesting too much copaiba oil can reportedly trigger nausea, vomiting, and gastrointestinal distress, an experience similar to food poisoning. In one animal study on rats with colitis, the researchers noted: “Copaiba oil decreased oxidative stress and inflammation but did not prevent intestinal damage in the colon of colitic rats.”

The alterations of plasma markers from hepatic damage caused by the oil seem to be associated with its destructive action on the liver. So, it appears that copaiba could, in fact, be damaging to the liver. However, this assumption still needs more research in clinical studies before an absolute conclusion can be drawn.

This could be the reason why copaiba is most often used for external applications, such as in skin creams and massage oils. It’s a reaction when taken internally tends to be very critical to the liver specifically.


In Conclusion

It’s of the utmost importance that we note that these two products are potent and active, and should not be used without proper recommendation from a physician. However, at this point, it has more or less been revealed that cannabidiol has much broader applications across a wide range of health issues than copaiba. Research has shown, and still shows to this day that CBD benefits many conditions; from fighting cancer to reducing social anxiety and much more, CBD appears to be the clear winner here.

Plus, as mentioned, CBD is safe to use even in high doses. (That said, don’t take high CBD doses without the knowledge of your doctor if you are taking prescriptions for a severe or chronic health condition. It is possible CBD could cause a negative drug interaction that your doctor should be aware of.)

Nobody denies that the beta-caryophyllene found in copaiba is a potent anti-inflammatory agent, but its overall capabilities right now pale in comparison to those of CBD oil.

As a final note, when buying a CBD product, it is best to choose the full spectrum oil if you are suffering from inflammation. CBD isolate seems to offer less action in this area. CBD tends to work better with a comprehensive profile of cannabinoids and terpenes, which is what a full spectrum CBD product.

CBD Colleges & Educational Companies

CBD Colleges & Educational Companies

CBD Colleges & Educational Companies


          According to Forbes, the cannabidiol industry is estimated to grow 700% by 2020. With the increasing interest in the various uses and advantages of CBD worldwide, it’s only appropriate for an equivalent increase in the amount of CBD knowledge that is available to the public. The sheer volume of information currently available regarding CBD is so enormous, it can be overwhelming for some. Fortunately, groups focused on spreading educational awareness about CBD have made learning easy. Now you can even decide whether to learn online or offline.

The need to empower ourselves with knowledge to change the world is the main reason that CBD colleges continue to spring forth. These colleges offer much more than just a basic understanding of CBD. They also allow one to learn about the medical science, clinical studies, dosing procedures, economics & marketing, business developments, laws & regulations, policies, approaches, and everything else related to CBD. These training courses also typically offer a certification upon completion as well.

Many people want to enjoy the benefits of CBD, but lack the education necessary to make an informed decision when considering dosage amounts and application methods. This is why the need for CBD colleges and educational companies are so essential in this budding market. These institutions also have a critical focus on how CBD can interact with other medicines, preventing accidental misuse. Professional instructors can help bridge the gap between the hype and the reality associated with the world of CBD.

          Below is a list of few colleges and educational companies that offer CBD training and certification.

Cannabis Training University: This is a cannabis college with a complete curriculum that covers all areas of the CBD Industry. They offer a complete curriculum for all skill levels. This institution covers the nine essential skill sets related to CBD, which include growing, cooking, career, medical, trimming, business, law, bud-tending, and mastery.

CBD Training Academy: Here, you get the most recent information about CBD. They offer both live training and online training. The list of courses they offer is endless, ranging from a CBD masterclass to skincare and massage lessons.

The University of Vermont (UVM): UVM is the first medical school to offer a professional certificate in the field of cannabis and medicine. The college provides a seven-week, online training, that is designed for physicians, nurses, pharmacists, etc. The certification is gained under the department of pharmacology. The program covers cannabis history, business practice, law, policy making, production, safety and more.

Northern Michigan University: this university gives you the opportunity of getting a Bachelor’s degree in Medicinal Plant Chemistry. The program runs for four years and offers courses in chemistry, biology, and research that is instrumental in equipping you for a career in the growing field of the cannabis industry. Its main objective is to prepare students for new industries affiliated to medicinal plant production, analysis, and distribution.

UC Davis: This university offers a course called “Physiology of Cannabis.” This course provides an insight into understanding how cannabis and cannabinoids affect the human body. This three-unit course looks into the biology of cannabinoids, the physiological effects they have on multiple systems of the body, their underlying mechanisms, and the therapeutic usefulness or advantages of cannabinoids. This course also extends its study to the history of cannabis use, and the potential medical applications of cannabis and their relative effectiveness.

The Grow School: Here, you have the opportunity of applying for an online self-paced membership course on how to grow cannabis. This course teaches students what it takes to grow cannabis. The course is broken down into two parts;

  1. The Self-Paced GROW 101: This is recommended for all growers. You don’t need any prior knowledge or experience to take this course. This course covers topics like proper grow equipment selection, perfect grow room setup, safety measures, electrical theory and conditions, cannabis reproduction by cloning, trimming, harvesting and curing your cannabis, and ventilation options and solutions etc. 
  2. The Self-Paced GROW-101-E (extended): This is a comprehensive and more in-depth version of the GROW-101 online course. It contains an additional six hours of extra growing information. Like the Self-Paced GROW 101 course, there is no need for any prerequisite knowledge to participate. Aside from the areas covered in GROW-101, this extended version offers additional topics like; determining plant sex, pruning methods for a more abundant harvest, trellising cannabis plants, and advanced problem-solving techniques using organics.

As a member, you’ll get one year of unlimited access to view both the Grow 101, and Grow 101 E-courses and a student eBook.

The University of Washington School of Medicine: This University offers a course called ‘Medicinal Cannabis and Chronic Pain”. The training has been strictly developed for healthcare professionals. The training also gives insight and information, as well as clinical practice guidelines on the use of medicinal cannabis for the treatment of chronic pain. The training is divided into two modules;

Module 1: This module covers the areas of the mechanisms of action of medicinal cannabis, the medical uses of cannabis, and the Washington state law in regards to medical cannabis.

Module 2: Here, the focus is on the best clinical practices associated with the recommendation of medical cannabis. This module also provides tools that are useful to healthcare practitioners in their interaction with patients about the use of medicinal cannabis in the treatment of chronic pain.

These colleges and training centers will equip students to become successful, well-qualified technical personnel in the cannabis industry. With the education gained from these colleges and educational institutions, one will be able to meet the rigorous demands of the fast-paced and quickly growing cannabinoid industry. They will also be able to do so with legitimacy and a thorough understanding of the legality of medicinal plants all over the nation.

What Makes Cannabidiol Life Different

Short list of reasons on how we’re different from every other CBD company

  • We are, “SEED TO SHELF“.  This means we are in control of our final product from beginning to end and we’re proud to be amongst the handful of companies who can make this claim.


  • Our CBD oils are manufactured in a Certified Health & Safety Compliant Facility in Colorado


  • In March of 2019, we became the first CBD company in queue to be USDA Certified Organic.  We’re confident we will receive this certification in August 2019-September 2019.


  • We have a Patent Pending Organic Ethanol (made from our very own hemp stalk) Extraction Method that has proven it’s ability to extract much higher cannabinoid percentages in comparison to Supercritical CO2 (industry standard).


  • We infuse all of our CBD oils with organic NON-GMO MCT oil derived from coconuts. Here’s why…
    “MCT” stands for medium-chain triglyceride and are much smaller in size in comparison to the common LCT.  When we infuse CBD molecules with MCT oil, our CBD oil is able to travel directly from the stomach to the liver without requiring any extra energy. In fact, MCT is almost instantly converted to clean/natural energy for your body.   CBD Companies who do NOT use MCT oil will unfortunately cause the body to spend priceless energy on digestion instead of using that energy for healing.


  • We remove all stems and seeds by hand from our Hemp Cherry cultivars.  This extends our manufacturing process about 2 hours per 1 pound of hemp!

By having and doing all of the steps above, we’re able to provide the smoothest, most effective, best tasting hemp extracted CBD oil products in the nation.

Guaranteed or your money back.

CBD Oil Vs. Alcohol

CBD Oil Vs. Alcohol



          It’s no longer news that CBD oil is taking over the cannabis industry. This development is attributed to the numerous health benefits that come with its use. The product is scientifically proven to heal certain medical conditions, and its popularity continues to grow, largely due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and pain relieving properties.

The market for CBD oil and other CBD products is becoming highly competitive as manufacturers continue to introduce new CBD oil products to consumers. Due to this massive adoption, Forbes estimates CBD’s market to generate approximately 2.1 billion dollars by 2020. It’s little wonder then why hemp growers are striving hard to become licensed and tap into this pot of wealth.

Unfortunately, many people believe alcoholic beverages and CBD products are in the same vein. This is a considerable misconception that should be clarified. Although the two are both legal substances, they differ in terms of both functionality and usage. This article will take aim at discussing, and clarifying, the differences between the two substances. Also, we will take a look at some of the reasons why there might be a big switch from alcohol to CBD consumption in the future.

The alcohol industry may not be smiling at the sudden spike in demand for CBD products. This is because a massive switch from alcoholic to CBD products has been observed. Some folks are starting to adopt CBD products instead of alcohol, while some are in the business of mixing the two. As a result, big alcohol might soon suffer a large blow to their bottom line.

Let’s start by considering what’s wrong with alcohol.

So What Exactly is Wrong with Alcohol?

Everything! Wondering why?

Alcohol exposes consumers to several health risks. Regardless of whether a person takes it on a single occasion, or over time, it can take a severe toll on a person’s health by interfering with the brain, heart, liver, pancreas, and even the immune system.

Yes, consuming alcohol can weaken the immune system, thus exposing the body to various diseases. This trend is especially prevalent in chronic drinkers. This is why many end up suffering from health conditions such as tuberculosis or pneumonia.

There is no single positive effect that can be attributed to alcohol use. It might interest you to know that the amount of alcohol required to kill a person is easily accessible in one night. This means, even first-time drinkers stand a chance of dying. According to the National Health Institute in 2012, 5.9 percent of all global deaths are as a result of alcohol consumption. This means about 3.3 million deaths are credited to the use of alcohol.

Worse still, the danger isn’t necessarily over even if a person stops drinking. The danger that comes from alcohol withdrawal can, in some cases, be life-threatening. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimated a total of 88,000 deaths are caused by complications arising from alcohol withdrawal.

This is interesting because first a person exposes themselves to health risks while consuming alcohol. Then, just when they have decided to become sober and break off the addiction, they are exposed to further health risks. So, as you can see, one can easily say that just about everything is wrong with alcohol.

To better understand the differences that exist between the two, let’s take a look at a practical juxtaposition, shall we?

Let’s consider the adverse effects of both.

Negative Effects of CBD Vs. Alcohol

As previously established, consuming alcohol can be detrimental to your health. Some of the effects that accompany consumption of alcohol include dizziness, nausea & vommiting, mental impairment and, of course, the typical hangover often experienced hours after use.

Here’s a comprehensive list of how alcohol affects different parts of the body, and some of the conditions it can cause.


Consuming alcohol can interfere with the functionality of the brain by disrupting communication pathways. This is why you see some drunken folks acting weird after drinking alcohol. Brain disruption triggers changes in mood, behavior, and movement coordination.


Consuming a lot of alcohol can be detrimental to heart health. Whether taken for the first time, or over a long period. Some heart problems such as high blood pressure, stroke, irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) and more are often evident from alcohol use.


Pancreatitis, a critical inflammation of blood vessels, can arise as a result of ingesting alcohol over time. This is because alcohol releases toxins, which can cause this medical condition. Patients suffering from this ailment usually experience improper digestion.



By far the most prevalent health condition among alcohol consumers is liver disease. Alcohol deals mercilessly with the liver, especially in heavy drinkers. Some of the health problems encountered often include; alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis and fibrosis of the liver, and more.


According to the National Cancer Institute’s Data in 2009, 3.9 percent of all cancer deaths in the US were alcohol-related. This means that about 19,500 people have died from some form of alcohol-related cancer. Some forms of cancer have been attributed to alcohol consumption, including; head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, and breast cancer.

People who consume at least three bottles of alcohol per day have a higher risk of developing these types of cancer.

Now let’s consider the negative side effects of CBD.

Based on scientific research, so far there are little or no adverse effects accredited to the use of CBD products. Some small scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They did this by administering a wide range of doses to a set of adults. Results revealed that adults tolerated the differences in treatment well.

Additionally, further research shows that there are no significant effect on the Central Nervous System (CNS) or mood of CBD consumers, even when they take in higher doses.

The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea and slight changes in appetite or weight. These effects are quite minimal and can quickly be dealt with compared to the adverse side effects observed in alcohol consumption.

We’ve now examined some of the conditions alcohol and CBD consumers often encounter. CBD appears to be far better off in this regard. Could this be the reason why many people are advocating a switch from alcohol to CBD oil and other CBD products?

Now let’s take a look at some of the positive effects of CBD and alcohol.

Positive Effects of CBD Vs. Alcohol

As stated earlier, CBD is scientifically proven to cure some medical conditions such as anxiety, chronic pain, seizures, nausea, and a host of other issues. For some there is even a tendency to believe that the product has more healing properties that are as of yet undiscovered. There are little or no adverse effects from CBD consumption, and as such, several states in the US have already authorized CBD for both medical and recreational use.

Since the inception of the Farm Bill in 2018, hemp cultivation and processing became legalized across all 50 states, and as such, all hemp-derived products including CBD are legal on a federal level.

Unlike alcohol, CBD has no intoxicating effects on consumers. It is not associated with misbehavior like sexual assault and domestic violence, nor does it cause adverse health conditions like liver toxicity, cancer, and other health conditions that can be attributed to the use of alcohol.

Interestingly, CBD can be used to treat “Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome”. Studies on animals show that CBD protects against some health issues that can arise during alcohol withdrawal. This makes CBD ideal when used for recovering from alcohol addiction.

It is also proven that CBD can help reduce tobacco and cigarette addiction as well. This is undoubtedly a huge benefit, as it can be used to fight against both alcoholism, and nicotine addiction.

Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, CBD can be of immense benefit in suppressing the inflammatory pain caused by alcohol. It is also scientifically proven that CBD may help in mitigating damage to the liver from previous alcohol abuse.

Now let’s do a proper and more insightful study into the benefits of CBD

Pain Relieving & Anti-Inflammatory Properties of CBD

CBD offers a better alternative to “over–the-counter” drugs and prescriptions for treating chronic pain or relieving stiffness.

Based on the information from a study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, CBD significantly reduced chronic inflammation and pain in some mice and rats.

The researchers concluded that the non-psychoactive elements in CBD could provide a new form of treatment for chronic pain.

Quitting Smoking and Drug Withdrawals

CBD is scientifically proven to help smokers quit. According to a study published in Addictive Behaviors, smokers who vaped in CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and also had no further craving for nicotine.

Another study published in Neurotherapeutics revealed CBD could be an effective treatment for people who have opioid addiction disorders.

Researchers have also noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with other substance use disorders. These included mood-related symptoms like pain, insomnia, and anxiety.

Although more research is necessary to ascertain these observations, the findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms across the board.


After careful research on the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of a CBD based product called Epidiolex as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in 2018. These conditions include the following:

  1. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), which is common in individuals between ages three and five. It also involves different varieties of seizures
  2. Dravet syndrome (a rare genetic condition prevalent in the first year of life and includes frequent, fever-related seizures).

In the United States, a licensed doctor can prescribe Epidiolex to treat the above conditions.


Neurological Symptoms and Disorders

According to a 2014 review, CBD possesses anti-seizure properties with a low risk of experiencing side effects common in people with epilepsy. Research also shows that CBD may also treat many complications linked to epilepsy, such as neuro-degeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases.

Another study published in Current Pharmaceutical Design revealed that CBD might produce effects similar to those of certain anti-psychotic drugs. CBD may even provide a safe and effective treatment for schizophrenia patients. However, further research is necessary. There is still an ongoing study on the effects of CBD on various neuropsychiatric disorders.


CBD may just be the right thing to help deal with and to fight cancer. According to a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, there is evidence that suggests CBD might significantly help to prevent the spread of cancer. It was observed that CBD helps in suppressing the growth of cancer cells, and ultimately promotes their destruction.

Anxiety Disorders

According to a review from Neurotherapeutics, CBD may also help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders.

The review suggested that CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions like obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and general anxiety disorder

The authors also included a note of warning regarding current prescription treatments: “Current treatments for these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects, which can cause some people to stop taking them.”

It’s worth noting that CBD does not have these effects.

Type-1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes arises from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas. In 2016, a paper presented in Lisbon, Portugal revealed that CBD might be the saving grace in fighting type 1 diabetes. By mitigating inflammation, CBD may delay the development of type 1 diabetes.

Furthermore, according to research published in 2016 by Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, CBD could ease this kind inflammation which is present in the pancreas; could this be the first step to finding a CBD-based treatment for type-1 diabetes?


Acne is a common skin condition caused by inflammation of the sebaceous gland. CBD also shows promising potential to treat this medical condition due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

In 2014, a study by JCI said CBD helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne. Sebum is an oily substance, and its overproduction can cause acne.

Alzheimer’s Disease

According to research published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, it was observed that CBD prevented the development of a social recognition deficit in participants. Therefore, the researchers concluded that CBD could help in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. This means patients could still be able to recognize the faces of people that they know.

Interestingly, this is the first evidence that CBD may slow down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

Still not convinced CBD and alcohol are vastly different? Let’s consider the difference in usage.

CBD Usage Vs. Alcohol Usage

CBD and alcohol are both distinct in their usage as well. As you must have observed in previous subtopics and explanations, CBD cannot be regarded as a recreational drug. In fact, it is not viewed as one by law enforcement agencies and medical practitioners because the psychoactive effects do not exist. It uses are quite medicinal, and as such, most CBD consumers regard themselves as medicinal users.

Alcohol on the other hand, has no known medicinal advantages. One can therefore presume it’s purely a recreational drug. Of course, there is plenty of evidence to back this up, especially considering you typically find alcohol in recreational venues like bars, clubs and entertainment events. Most people won’t deny that the primary reason for its consumption is for recreational purposes. This is why it is commonly consumed at social events, because it makes people feel less inhibited and ultimately makes the gathering quite entertaining.


Now Let’s take a look at the difference in legality.

CBD Legality Vs. Alcohol Legality

There are common misconceptions about the legality of CBD in some areas, unlike alcohol which is legal almost everywhere across the globe.

At the Federal level, CBD is legal in all 50 states of the US, so long as it is manufactured from hemp, and it contains no more than 0.3% THC. However, some state laws regulate the use of CBD, while some others ban it altogether. Those states often regard marijuana as any substance containing CBD or THC. Since marijuana is generally still illegal in many states, save for medicinal purposes in some, the use of CBD in those states is unauthorized.

There is little to no misconception, however, as to the legality of alcohol across the country. Alcohol is legal in all the 50 states of the United States except for a few counties that have decided to ban the use of alcohol on certain days, or have banned the sale of it entirely.

Finally, let’s consider the differences the addictive qualities of both substances.

CBD Vs. Alcohol Addiction

Is it possible to get addicted to CBD? To answer this question, one must understand how addiction works and what exactly triggers addiction.

Addiction is primarily caused by the release of excess dopamine into the brain’s pleasure center. Every addictive substance is known to release about two to ten times the naturally required amount of dopamine.

Fortunately, CBD does not release excess dopamine when consumed. Therefore, you cannot get addicted to CBD, no matter how much you consume. Instead, CBD aids the balancing of neurotransmitters in the brain. This means if there’s a high level of a neurotransmitter, CBD lowers it and vice versa.

Alcohol, on the other hand, releases quite a lot of dopamine into the brain’s reward center. Dopamine causes an alteration in brain chemicals, which enhances the feelings of depression. By increasing the dopamine levels in the brain, alcohol tricks consumers into thinking that it’s making them feel great. This is why consumers keep drinking and drinking to get more dopamine release, but at the same time altering other brain chemicals that enhance feelings of depression. Ultimately, consumers crave for more thus becoming addicted.

So, what do you think? Would you consider settling for CBD instead of alcohol?

100+ Best CBD Memes

100+ Best CBD Memes


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